Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Gear ID


  • Content Hierarchy
  • Task Hierarchy and Sequence
  • Information Processing Analysis
  • Drive control=goals and Objectives
  • Strategies
  • Media/Method
  • Learner Requirements/Conditions
  • Level and Type of Demonstration
  • Repeat/Expand/Alternatives/Elevate

Tuesday, August 11, 2009

Visual Literacy and Visualization

Visual literacy is part of the art of communication and design. When designing for any learning event, the ability to communicate the content and interpret it are vital to understanding.

The following links will provide a start for visual literacy study.

There are more maps here:
including the page by Chris the extracts each one with a show/hide

and the papers:

As long as you are looking at visual lit, there is an ivla
which has a taxonomy and bibliography listed

lots here:

Saturday, August 08, 2009

Visual Literacy and Visualization

The Visual Literacy org site has a periodic table of visualization methods:
(use Mouseover)

Shown single method by using a show/hide link done by Chris Wallace:

by category

Other visual literacy maps

Visual Literacy Papers

Friday, May 22, 2009

Basic Blog Info

The following links have basic info on blogging for the newbie:

Biological Learning Issues

As an ID, ISD or LISS, one of the areas that all learning designers need to address are the new discoveries in brain research that influence the cognitive learning processes. It is one of the areas that needs to be incorporated into all ID or LISS research studies in the future.

Learning, psychological and systems theories are theories, but actual physiological research has shown some of them to be relevant and this needs to be incorporated into all planning for learning activities.

This blog will address LISS activities in all phases, including media attributes, as well as the actual technological issues of using any new technology. It is vital to the future of ID that technology use be separated from the use of the term educational technology or instructional technology. AECT has changed names for the group in previous years and definitions of educational technology and instructional technology. However, the government has demoted the definition back to the use of technology in education with its NCLB act and academia has confused the terms for years. Its time to define new terms and new ideas that separate the processes, theories and ideals of learning experience design from the AV history which overshadows its changes during the last 25 years. As a starting point, I am going to call myself a LISS instead of an ID and see if anyone continues to confuse me with a button pushing, mouse clicking, PowerPoint using computer nerd that can show some one how to use the LCMS system to upload their antiquated PPT slides to the web.

Instructional Technology or Educational Technology is not computers, it is not media. Those institutions which continue to use the term that way need to read the definitions of AECT over the last 40 years.

Scientific American has released a new study about a specific region in the brain that is essential to the ability to read.

Other articles and links with various theories and ideas.
Cognitive Behavior management
The Official Psychology Website of Bangkok Patana School

Learning there really such a thing? More on this later..
Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning : A systematic and critical review

Learning Design Strategy, Instructional Design Strategy, Teaching Strategy, Media Delivery Strategy

Learning Design Strategy, Instructional Design Strategy, Teaching Strategy, Media Delivery Strategy

I haven't had time to do much here lately. The problem that I see is that there seems to be a confusion about what differentiates a learning design strategy from a learning delivery medium. Too often it seems people tend to confuse the two.

I have been looking at the term "instructional strategies" and then trying to find something that defines the characteristics of an instructional strategy vs the characteristics of the media delivery system. I have been less than satisfied with what I have found in the books and research papers.

Everyone talks about instructional strategies, but the actual process of defining the strategy and the composition of the strategies are nebulous sometimes. I know about designing for rules, procedures, etc., but the application of strategies in other than Gagne's 9 events doesn't appear to be well defined, especially for different domains.

Lots of folks appear to be using the term learning strategy, especially the military and related vendors, but a "learning strategy" is what the learner uses to organize information, procedures etc, to learn. That is not the same as an instructional strategy and a teaching/facilitation strategy. I have also seen a lot of "strategies" listed, that are more or less activities, not strategies. Some strategies can be used by both the learner as a learning method and the instructional brainstorming.

I went to the library and pulled out a bunch of "teaching" strategy books to see what they say. Teaching strategy.. to me-- is the on site application of the instructional strategy and being on the spot to use it. The instructional strategy should be the needs, content definition, circumstances and learners evaluated and integrated, a selection of delivery mode and learning mode that best fits the learners, content and circumstances, lesson plans, media if needed, delivery process, assessment and re-instruction/learning.. if necessary... all based on the objective outcome. Its more than just presenting content by direct instruction.

Where I am having the most difficulty is defining the difference in some of the terms that can be used in different ways. Ex..role playing is a strategy, but it is also a delivery mode, so at what point does it cease to be the strategy (what is included in the strategy characteristics?) and become just an activity/delivery mode?

Out of curiosity, I looked up "instructional strategy" in the old AECT glossary of terms from 1979 (newest one that they had in the library)- pg 76 it says:

"The overall approach to instruction to be incorporated in the instructional system or instructional product; it includes the types of system operation, format, stimuli, responses, feedback, generalities, instances, difficulty, mathmagenic information, approach, presentation-organization, sequence, scope, size of step, and pacing to be used."

I did not find any definition of what they meant by "system operation" when they wrote that glossary. "Format" means the materials medium and organization of the content.

So essentially, what the old one is saying is that a strategy has (Macro and Micro):

1. system operation-
2. format
3. stimuli
4. responses
5. feedback
6. generalities
7. instances
8. difficulty
9. mathmagenic information
10. approach
11. presentation-organization
12. sequence
13. scope
14. size of step
15. and pacing

AND what is missing..assessment for understanding and learning goals, which I did not see in this definition. That should have been included. There is no indication of whether this was supposed to have been based on a descriptive or prescriptive process.